The first silver dollars were produced in the United States in the year 1794. The denomination made only a minor start with a severely limited mintage, followed by a second year where the production level was increased. This type represents one of the most desired in American coinage due to the great historical significance.
The second silver dollar design from the United States Mint was known as the Draped Bust Dollar. The mintages for circulation varied widely during the few years of issue, although all coins remain relatively available. The great rarity is the 1804 Draped Bust Dollar, which was not a regular issue, but specially created as diplomatic gifts.
Peace Dollars were created as a way to commemorate the restoration of peace following the end of World War I. Rather than being issued for a single year, the series continued for a number of years, as three United States Mint facilities struck silver dollars in relatively large quantities. Mintages for the series occur at two extremes with large numbers struck early in the series and low mintages and a significant key date towards the end of the series.
Once again silver dollars were issued for circulation with the start of the series of Liberty Seated Dollars. Mintages were impacted at one point by the rising price of silver, which made the coins melt value exceed their face value. For two years, just over 1,000 silver dollars were struck, and instead the US Mint produced more than one million of the newly introduced gold dollars.
The United States Mint introduced the first golden colored dollar coins with the Sacagawea Dollars. The obverse design by Glenna Goodacre would feature a portrait of the Shoshone woman who had accompanied Lewis & Clark on their exploration of the western territories. Her newborn son, Jean Baptiste Charbonneau, is carried on her back. The reverse of the coin depicts an eagle in flight designed by Thomas D. Rodgers.